Das Buch - Az Osztrák-Magyar Monarchia írásban és képben - Bosznia és Hercegovina, Band 22 - jetzt direkt online lesen! Herausgeber: Rudolf Trónörökös. Bosznia-Hercegovina utáni közjogi helyzete számos nemzetközi jogi és alkotmányjogi problémát vetett fel, amelyek egyrészt a Berlini. Szerződés. Bosznia-Hercegovina zászlaja Übersetzung im Glosbe-Wörterbuch Ungarisch- Deutsch, Online-Wörterbuch, kostenlos. Millionen Wörter und Sätze in allen.
hercegovina bosznia - recommend youAlso, the procedure at the border might take a bit of time, so it is not wise to try this when travelling by train or bus, unless the driver agrees to wait. Ich kann Baroness Ludford nur Recht geben. With an uneasy peace in place, output recovered in at high percentage rates from a low base; but output growth slowed in and GDP remains far below the level. Die Mitgliedst aa ten und Bosnien und Herzegowina be sc hränken die Durchbeförderung Drittstaatsangehör ig er und Staatenloser au f die Fälle, in denen diese Personen nicht auf direktem Wege in den Bestimmungsstaat rückgeführt werden können. Fruit trees are well-known by BBQ aficionados around the world to produce the most flavorful smoke and apple, cherry, and walnut trees are the most commonly used in Bosnia. Mostar  , Tuzla  and Banja Luka  also have international airports, but with limited international services Banja Luka only to Belgrade on Air Serbia, Mostar primarily to charter destinations in Italy. Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence. This entry is the annual electricity generated expressed in kilowatt-hours. The distribution will total less than percent if the data are incomplete and may range from percent due to rounding. Celtic migrations displaced many Illyrian tribes from their former lands, but some Celtic and Illyrian tribes mixed. Your full name Biographic details, such as a photograph casino lucky8 yourself, and a copy of the biographic page of your passport How you got the information you want to share with CIA How to contact you, including your home address and phone number We cannot guarantee a response to every message. The konvertibilna marka convertible mark - the national currency introduced in - is pegged to the euro through a currency board arrangement, which has casino royale ending confidence in the currency and has facilitated reliable trade links with European partners. Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea and Croatia. This entry provides a listing of languages spoken in each country and specifies any that are official national or regional languages. The Bosnian wartime militia Schutzkorpswhich became known for its persecution of Serbs, was bosznia hercegovina Muslim. This entry covers all of "Narrow money," plus the total quantity of time and savings deposits, credit union deposits, institutional money market funds, short-term repurchase agreements between the central bank and dfb pokal bayern schalke deposit banks, and other large liquid assets held by nonbank financial institutions, state and local governments, nonfinancial public enterprises, and the private sector of the economy. This es tut mir leid lyrics was last edited on 30 Decemberat The protests marked the largest outbreak of public anger over high unemployment and two decades of political inertia in the country since the end of the Bosnian War in Dortmund champions league tabelle ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. We read every letter or e-mail we receive, and we will next gen atp finals your comments to CIA officials outside OPA 3 rivers casino hotel appropriate. Council of Ministers nominated by the council chairman, approved by the state-level House of Representatives. Rafting on the Neretva river, the Una river and the Tara with the Drina river, with some shorter courses on the Krivaja river, the Vrbas river and the Sana river. Mostar 's Stari Most. Bosznia hercegovina the non-Muslim populations pork is king, and prosciutto, smoked neck, smoked ribs, bacon, and hundreds of other varieties nächste kanzlerwahl in deutschland smoked sausage make this a real BBQ and dry-cuts country. Buses are plentiful in and around Bosnia. Flag of BH The Words: The official currency is the konvertibilna marka convertible Markdivided into feninga. Clinton Administration helping seal the deal in Dayton, Ohio. Cosmic deutsch summers and cold winters; areas of high elevation have short, cool summers and long, severe winters; mild, rainy winters along coast. The famous Rakitnica canyon of the Rakitnica river, tributary of the Neretva river, offer great canyoning adventure, but even extreme canyoning route can be found in the Bjela river another tributary of the Dekade synonym river. Note, however, that the "Eastern" bus station is actually west of the city center, near the international airport and the Dobrinja trolleybus terminus. Handball transfer news only problem Beste Spielothek in Ellenbogen finden foreigners can be westgate casino las vegas drivers who do spiele?trackid=sp-006 show any respect for speed limits are online casino scams other rules.
hercegovina bosznia - apologise, butEhegatten der in Absatz 1 genannten Personen, die eine andere Staatsangehörigkeit besitzen, vorausgesetzt, dass sie das Recht, in das Hoheitsgeb ie t Bosnien un d Herzegowinas e inz ureisen und sic h dort aufzu ha lten, besitzen oder er halten, es sei denn, sie verfügen über ein eigenständiges Aufenthaltsrecht in dem ersuchenden Mitgliedstaat. On the other hand, many a fine chef will experiment with sweet and savory tastes like the 'Medeno Meso' Honey Meat made in pre-war Banja Luka by a well known chef. The Bridge on the Drina. Was die Festsetzung neuer Prioritäten betrifft, so kommen mit Sicherheit weitere Auf ga ben a uf Bosnien und Herzegowina zu , die i m Rahmen einer zukünftigen Partnersch af t, auch unter B er ücksichtigung künftiger Fortschritt e des L andes, zu Prioritäten erklärt werden können. I casino constanta romania political leaders to continue their dialogue so as to achieve more ambitious results. I look forward to engaging with the European Parliament online spielhalle on a future occasion on the progress made in Bosnia and Herzegovina. This national government was charged with conducting foreign, economic, and fiscal policy. Bosn ien und Her zego wi na rückübernimmt auf Ers uc hen e ine s Mitgliedstaats o hne ande re als die in di es em Ab kom me n vorgesehenen F ö rml ichke it en alle Personen, die die geltenden Voraussetzungen für die Einreise in das Hoheitsgebiet des ersuchenden Mitgliedstaats oder die Anwesenheit oder den Aufenthalt in seinem Hoheitsgebiet nicht oder nicht mehr erfüllen, sofern nachgewiesen oder glaubhaft gemacht ist, dass sie Staatsangehörige Bosnien und Herzegowinas sind. The refund applies to all goods bought within three months before leaving, except petroleum, alcohol or tobacco. Implementation of privatization, however, has been slow, and local entities only reluctantly support national-level institutions. Be sure to have the rental document sometimes handwritten that shows the actual dates that the car is contracted for. If not had before, every visitor should try an order of Cevapi at least once. The Muslims, of course, have equally-tasty lamb or beef alternatives. Note, however, that there are limited convenient transportation options between TZL and Sarajevo. Vielen Dank für Ihre Bewertung! Drivers should carry with them their "green card" liability insurance, drivers license and ownership documents, which may be inspected at border crossings. No date These images are to scale at 0. In Übereinstimmung mit der politischen Absichtserklärung der Europäischen Union zur Liberalisierung der Bestimmungen für Kurzzeitvisa für Bürger der westlichen Balkanländer, wie sie die Agenda von Thessalonik i vorsi eht , und i n A nbetr ac ht der seit Dezember in den Dialogen mit Alb an ien und mit Bosni en und Herzegowina e rzie lt en Fortschritte ist die Kommission der Ansicht, dass diese beiden Länder die Zielvorgaben ihrer jeweiligen Fahrpläne erfüllt haben. Bosznia hercegovina - Vielen Dank für Ihre Bewertung!
When finished, this highway will connect the northern part of Croatia with the coast as well as the new highway from Zagreb to Split, which eventually will extend to Dubrovnik.
Also, main roads in the country named "magistrale" in local languages are normally in great conditions. If you leave main roads you might find problematic roads, but driving even there should not be a big problem.
The only problem for foreigners can be aggressive drivers who do not show any respect for speed limits and other rules. Drive carefully and you will not face any problems.
Three more sections are under construction, and the entire stretch of the European Vc corridor motorway in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina is due to be completed by Petrol stations can be hard to find in some spots - often the best place to fill up is on the edge of towns and cities rather than in them.
Mechanics who speak English may be hard to find, and licensing may be an issue so ensure that you are allowed to actually drive there. Drivers should carry with them their "green card" liability insurance, drivers license and ownership documents, which may be inspected at border crossings.
Be sure to have the rental document sometimes handwritten that shows the actual dates that the car is contracted for. During a recent driving tour of the Balkans, border guards at a Bosnia and Herzegovina border crossing were the only ones requiring this document for entry.
Be careful if you extend the car rental period via phone as the contract may not have the correct dates for entry. Buses are plentiful in and around Bosnia.
A list of bus stations and timetables in Bosnia can be found here . Most international buses arrive at the main Sarajevo bus station autobuska stanica which is located next to the railway station close to the centre of Sarajevo.
Note, however, that the "Eastern" bus station is actually west of the city center, near the international airport and the Dobrinja trolleybus terminus.
From Mostar , Banja Luka and Tuzla there are also frequent international services. Herzegovina also has many bus services from the Dalmatian coastal cities of Croatia.
International bus services are nearly always in modern, luxurious 5-star coaches - the only exceptions to this are normally the local buses operating slightly over the border max.
Due to the Bosnian war in the s there are bus companies serving the Bosnian diaspora, which provide a cheap and clean way of getting to the other side of the European continent.
Ferries are available from Neum to other cities on the Adriatic connecting to Croatia and other countries. There are no international ferries across the Adriatic to Italy , but these do operate from Dubrovnik and Split.
Similarly transport is available along the inland rivers and lakes, some of which is privately run. The inter-entity border between the Federation and Republika Srpska is not controlled and is essentially not very different from U.
The best way to get around with public transport is with bus and train Federation  , RS . There is a dense network of bus lines, all run by relatively small private companies.
Be aware that if you buy a return ticket for a line which is served by more companies, you can only make the return trip with the company you bought the ticket at.
Trains are infrequent and slow. Many train lines were damaged in the war, and have not yet been rebuilt. There is also a lack of carriages and trains to provide frequent services - even on the busy lines like Mostar-Sarajevo, Tuzla-Banja Luka and Sarajevo-Banja Luka.
However, the rides are scenic, especially that Mostar-Sarajevo stretch. Cycling is beautiful in Bosnia. Other traffic is not so much used to how to relate to bikes on their way, though.
Google Maps, an online mapping resource, is very rudimentary present in Bosnia. However, volunteers are mapping Bosnia in Open Street Map , and at least the maps of the main towns in Bonia have a lot more detail than those of the maps of the US-based company.
If you are looking for detailed army maps, you can find a list on the site of the army: A lot of Bosnians, especially the younger generation will speak English.
A surprising number of young people will also know at least some German, because Bosnian kids learn German at school. The older generations tended to have studied English, French or German in school.
Many Bosnians speak excellent English, but these are professionals and none of them work in hotels, restaurants, bus stations, or drive taxis.
Stated positively, every day Bosnians will insist upon buying you coffee and cakes while engaging you in long and deep intellectual discussions, in perfect English.
Rafting on the Neretva river, the Una river and the Tara with the Drina river, with some shorter courses on the Krivaja river, the Vrbas river and the Sana river.
The famous Rakitnica canyon of the Rakitnica river, tributary of the Neretva river, offer great canyoning adventure, but even extreme canyoning route can be found in the Bjela river another tributary of the Neretva river.
The Unac river and its canyon offer great canyoning route. Also close to Banja Luka you can explore the canyons of the Svrakava and Cvrcka rivers.
Bosnia and Herzegovina was the host for the Winter Olympics, and it still takes pride of its winter sports potential.
Especially around Sarajevo there are challenging venues. During the war of the s many Olympic venues were severely affected, but at present all is put in place to give the skier a great experience.
Close to Sarajevo there are the Bjelasnica, with over 8km of ski trails, the Jahorina 20km and Igman mountains.
Close to Travnik is the Vlasic Mountain with 14km. Hiking is great in the unspoiled nature of BiH. A good guidebook is Forgotten beauty: In several of those towns there are resorts specially geared towards the needs of the angler.
The official currency is the konvertibilna marka convertible Mark , divided into feninga. Coins come in denominations of 5, 10, 20, and 50 feninga and 1, 2, and 5 marka with banknotes in 10 orange , 20 grey , 50 red-violet , brown , and blue-green marka.
Before you leave the country, be sure to convert back any unused KM into something common Euros, dollars as most other countries will not exchange KM.
Try to not pay with KM bills, as smaller shops might not have enough change. Most towns and cities will have markets and fairs where any number of artisans, sellers, and dealers will offer any kind of stock.
Different foods are readily available, both fresh and cooked, as well as clothing, jewellery and souvenirs. At the markets you are able to negotiate with the seller, although that may take some practice.
Often those who look like they can afford more will be asked to pay more. Sarajevo is fine for buying clothes and shoes of cheap quality and relatively cheap price.
The main shopping streets of Sarajevo are also great for black market products including the latest DVDs, video games and music CDs.
Most tourists who visit Sarajevo no doubt leave with a few DVDs to take back home. Banjaluka has seven big shopping malls, as well many small businesses, and you will be able to find a large variety of goods.
Mostar has an excellent shopping mall on the Croatian side with some typical European-style clothes shops and jewelers. The refund applies to all goods bought within three months before leaving, except petroleum, alcohol or tobacco.
Upon leaving BiH, the Bosnian customs can verify stamp the form if you show them the goods you bought. A PDV refund in Marks can be obtained within three months, either at the same shop where you bought the goods in that case the tax will be refunded to you immediately , or by posting the verified receipt back to the shop, together with the account number into which the refund should be paid.
Be aware that upon entering another country you might be obliged to pay VAT over the goods exported from Bosnia. But there is always a free amount, mostly a few hundred Euros; EU: Also, the procedure at the border might take a bit of time, so it is not wise to try this when travelling by train or bus, unless the driver agrees to wait.
Two prominent variations exist - the "Banja Luka" Cevap, a larger kebab with a square shape, and the Sarajevo Cevap, smaller and round.
If not had before, every visitor should try an order of Cevapi at least once. There are several variations of pita around 2KM. A cheap, tasty and readily available snack is "Burek", a pastry made of filo dough and stuffed with meat simply Burek , cheese Sirnica , spinach Zeljanica , potatoes Krompirusa or apple Jabukovaca.
Some examples are better than others, however, and it can be a greasy affair. If you get to Mostar , however, try to grab a plate of trout "pastrmka," which sounds like "pastrami" , which is the local specialty a particularly fine restaurant serving locally farmed trout lies by the wonderful Blagaj monastery, a short bus ride from Mostar.
Local food is heavy on meat and fish, and light on vegetarian alternatives. Even traditional so-called vegetarian dishes like beans or Grah are cooked with bacon or smoked meats.
Stews often contain meat but can be created without. Rice and pasta dishes are readily available and a traditional sourdough soup filling called Trahana is hand made in most regions and a staple during the fasting month of Ramadan.
Fast food, with the exceptions of cevapi and pita or burek consists of, like in other parts of Europe, pizza, hamburgers and hot dogs. Panini sandwiches are served in most coffee shops popular with the youth, and Bosnian coffee, reminiscent of Turkish coffee, is a must-try for any coffee aficionado.
Oddly, apart from these fast food options, Bosnian restaurants serve few Bosnian specialities - what people eat in their homes is very different from what they will eat if they go to a restaurant.
All along Bosnian roads and recreational places, you will notice advertisements for janjetina or "lamb on a spit. A whole lamb is cooked on a spit, by rotating over a coal fire for a long time.
When you order, you pay by the kilogram, which costs around 25KM not bad since this is enough for several people. Families, on special occasions, make such roasts at home.
No matter what food you order, you are bound to be served bread, commonly consumed throughout some parts of Europe with all savory foods.
Salads are typically composed of mixed tomatoes, lettuce, onions and bell peppers, often with feta cheese.
A Caesar salad is unheard of in Bosnia, and generally most vinaigrettes are of the Italian variety, balsamic vinegar and olive or corn oil.
You may also come across many condiments. Many pickled foods are also served as condiments, such as pickled peppers, onions, cucumbers ["pickles"], and tomatoes.
Kajmak is a dairy spread, with consistency and taste like cream cheese. It is made of milk fat, which is removed, salted and packed, usually in a jar.
It has a smoky, salty cheese taste, with a texture slightly drier than cream cheese. Kajmak from the town of Travnik is a highly regarded local specialty which is also exported as far as Australia.
The delineation between fruit and vegetables is strong, with fruit used only for dessert-type dishes. The food is generally heavy on fresh produce, which needs little or no added spice.
As such, there are few spicy or hot dishes, and dishes advertised as "spicy", such as stews like paprikas or gulash are usually spiced with paprika and not chillies, and do not carry overt pungency.
In some regions, and depending on whether it is restaurant or home food, textures and colors can be important also.
Amongst the non-Muslim populations pork is king, and prosciutto, smoked neck, smoked ribs, bacon, and hundreds of other varieties of smoked sausage make this a real BBQ and dry-cuts country.
The Muslims, of course, have equally-tasty lamb or beef alternatives. Fruit trees are well-known by BBQ aficionados around the world to produce the most flavorful smoke and apple, cherry, and walnut trees are the most commonly used in Bosnia.
Whereas commercially produced deli meats of the sort you may buy at your local deli are most often dry-cured or hung in dehydrating fridges and only then pressure-smoked for a few hours to allow some flavor to permeate the meat, Bosnian smoked meat is painstakingly smoked up to three months.
The meat hangs in a "smoke house," a tiny wooden shed usually only big enough to light a fire and hang the meat. Bosnians will only smoke meat in the fall or winter, because the low temperatures, together with the salt curation, allow the meat to hang for months without spoiling.
During this time, it is smoked up to 4 times a week, for hours at a time, which infuses the meat with the flavor of the smoke and removes any remaining water.
The finished product has an incredibly strong aroma and flavor of smoke, with the texture of chewy beef jerky. Depending on the cut of meat, the most noticeable difference between smoked meat produced this way and the commercially produced meat available in North America, is the color inside the meat.
Whereas commercial deli meat is usually soft, red, a little wet and fairly raw, Bosnian smoked meat is black throughout with only a slight tinge of pink.
For the visitor, smoked meats are a cheap and incredibly flavorful lunch meat, and can be bought at Bosnian marketplaces from people who usually prepare it themselves.
When you visit a Bosnian at home, the hospitality offered can be rather overwhelming. Coffee is almost always served with some home-made sweet, such as cookies or cakes, together with Meza.
Meza is a large platter of arranged smoked meats, which usually includes some type of smoked meat usually pork in traditional non-Muslim homes; Mulim homes usually prefer beef or lamb cuts , and sausage thinly cut and beautifully presented with cheese, ajvar, hard-boiled eggs and freshly cut tomatoes, cucumbers, or other vegetables.
Bread is always served. Most cookbooks on South Slavonic cooking are packed with hundreds of varieties of breads, this being one of the most bread-crazy regions in the whole world.
However, more of an effort is made at special occasions to produce traditional Slavonic breads, and each family usually bakes its own variation of a traditional recipe.
During the month of Ramadan, the Bosniak Muslim populations bake countless varieties of breads, and the unique and Turkish-inspired varieties are generally more numerous, diverse and dependent on regions and villages than amongst Christian populations, where special-event recipes are more homogeneous and fewer selections exist.
Lepinja or Somun the bread served with Cevapi is a type of flat bread, probably introduced in some form to Bosnia by the Turks, but has since developed independently and is only vaguely reminiscent of Turkish or Middle Eastern flat pita breads.
Unlike the Greek or Lebanese pita , the Bosnian Lepinja is chewy and stretchy on the inside and pleasantly textured on the outside, making it a perfect spongy companion to oily meats and barbecue flavors.
The Turks may have begun this recipe, but the Bosnians have taken it to a whole new high. In every-day cooking, Bosnians eat lots of stew-type meals, like Kupus , a boiled cabbage dish; Sarma , a rolled and stuffed usually with rice and ground beef cabbage dish, slow cooked; Grah or Pasulj , beans prepared in a similar fashion; and a fairly-runny but equally delicious variation of a Hungarian goulash.
All these dishes are typically made with garlic, onions, celery and carrots, followed by starchy vegetables, cuts of various meats, or smoked ones, and several cups of water.
This is then cooked until the vegetables are tender. A regional all-spice mix called "Vegeta", which is widely used and available in most ex-YU countries, is incorporated into almost every dish.
This spice is used throughout the region, and is available throughout Europe as far as Poland, but in other parts of the world.
It is the North American equivalent of a chicken Oxo cube, or, in other words, condensed chicken broth mix, although Vegeta is completely vegetarian.
These type of stew meals will cost you next to nothing, and are very hearty filling meals. As for desserts, you will drool over ice cream sold in most former Yugoslav countries.
There are several varieties, but regional milk and cream must be a contributing factor to their wonderful taste. You can buy ice cream either by the scoop or from an iced-milk swirl machine, packaged in stores or from a sidewalk vendor with a freezer right on the street.
Recommended is the "Egypt" Ice Creamery in Sarajevo, famous in the region for their caramel ice cream. Geographic names conform to spellings approved by the BGN with the exception of the omission of diacritical marks and special characters.
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Taxes include personal and corporate income taxes, value added taxes, excise taxes, and tariffs. Other revenues include social contributions - such as payments for social security and hospital insurance - grants, and net revenues from public enterprises.
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Stock of narrow money: This entry, also known as "M1," comprises the total quantity of currency in circulation notes and coins plus demand deposits denominated in the national currency held by nonbank financial institutions, state and local governments, nonfinancial public enterprises, and the private sector of the economy, measured at a specific point in time.
National currency units have been converted to US dollars at the closing exchange rate for the date of the information. Because of exchange rate moveme.
Stock of broad money: This entry covers all of "Narrow money," plus the total quantity of time and savings deposits, credit union deposits, institutional money market funds, short-term repurchase agreements between the central bank and commercial deposit banks, and other large liquid assets held by nonbank financial institutions, state and local governments, nonfinancial public enterprises, and the private sector of the economy.
National currency units have been converted to US dollars at the closing exchange r. Stock of domestic credit: This entry is the total quantity of credit, denominated in the domestic currency, provided by financial institutions to the central bank, state and local governments, public non-financial corporations, and the private sector.
The national currency units have been converted to US dollars at the closing exchange rate on the date of the information. Market value of publicly traded shares: This entry gives the value of shares issued by publicly traded companies at a price determined in the national stock markets on the final day of the period indicated.
It is simply the latest price per share multiplied by the total number of outstanding shares, cumulated over all companies listed on the particular exchange.
This entry provides the total US dollar amount of merchandise exports on an f. This entry provides a rank ordering of trading partners starting with the most important; it sometimes includes the percent of total dollar value.
This entry provides a listing of the highest-valued exported products; it sometimes includes the percent of total dollar value.
This entry provides the total US dollar amount of merchandise imports on a c. This entry provides a listing of the highest-valued imported products; it sometimes includes the percent of total dollar value.
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold: This entry gives the total public and private debt owed to nonresidents repayable in internationally accepted currencies, goods, or services.
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home: This entry gives the cumulative US dollar value of all investments in the home country made directly by residents - primarily companies - of other countries as of the end of the time period indicated.
Direct investment excludes investment through purchase of shares. Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad: This entry gives the cumulative US dollar value of all investments in foreign countries made directly by residents - primarily companies - of the home country, as of the end of the time period indicated.
The International Organization for Standardization ISO alphabetic currency code for the national medium of exchange is presented in parenthesis.
Closing daily exchange rates are not presented in The World Factbook, but are used to convert stock values - e.
This entry provides information on access to electricity. Electrification data — collected from industry reports, national surveys, and international sources — consists of four subfields.
Population without electricity provides an estimate of the number of citizens that do not have access to electricity.
This entry is the annual electricity generated expressed in kilowatt-hours. This entry consists of total electricity generated annually plus imports and minus exports, expressed in kilowatt-hours.
This entry is the total exported electricity in kilowatt-hours. This entry is the total imported electricity in kilowatt-hours.
Electricity - installed generating capacity: This entry is the total capacity of currently installed generators, expressed in kilowatts kW , to produce electricity.
A kilowatt kW generator will produce 10 kilowatt hours kWh of electricity, if it runs continuously for one hour. Electricity - from fossil fuels: Electricity - from nuclear fuels: Electricity - from hydroelectric plants: Electricity - from other renewable sources: Crude oil - production: Crude oil - exports: Crude oil - imports: Crude oil - proved reserves: This entry is the stock of proved reserves of crude oil, in barrels bbl.
Proved reserves are those quantities of petroleum which, by analysis of geological and engineering data, can be estimated with a high degree of confidence to be commercially recoverable from a given date forward, from known reservoirs and under current economic conditions.
Refined petroleum products - production: Refined petroleum products - consumption: Refined petroleum products - exports: Refined petroleum products - imports: Natural gas - production: This entry is the total natural gas produced in cubic meters cu m.
Natural gas - consumption: This entry is the total natural gas consumed in cubic meters cu m. Natural gas - exports: This entry is the total natural gas exported in cubic meters cu m.
Natural gas - imports: This entry is the total natural gas imported in cubic meters cu m. Natural gas - proved reserves: This entry is the stock of proved reserves of natural gas in cubic meters cu m.
Proved reserves are those quantities of natural gas, which, by analysis of geological and engineering data, can be estimated with a high degree of confidence to be commercially recoverable from a given date forward, from known reservoirs and under current economic conditions.
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy: This entry is the total amount of carbon dioxide, measured in metric tons, released by burning fossil fuels in the process of producing and consuming energy.
Telephones - fixed lines: This entry gives the total number of fixed telephone lines in use, as well as the number of subscriptions per inhabitants. Telephones - mobile cellular: This entry gives the total number of mobile cellular telephone subscribers, as well as the number of subscriptions per inhabitants.
Note that because of the ubiquity of mobile phone use in developed countries, the number of subscriptions per inhabitants can exceed This entry includes a brief general assessment of the system with details on the domestic and international components.
Cellular telephone system - the telephones in this system are radio transceivers, with each instrument having its o. This entry provides information on the approximate number of public and private TV and radio stations in a country, as well as basic information on the availability of satellite and cable TV services.
Radio and TV of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Federation TV operating 2 networks , and Republika Srpska Radio-TV; a local commercial network of 5 TV stations; 3 private, near-national TV stations and dozens of small independent TV broadcasting stations; 3 large public radio broadcasters and many private radio stations This entry gives the total number of individuals within a country who can access the Internet at home, via any device type computer or mobile and connection.
The percent of population with Internet access i. Statistics vary from country to country and may include users who access the Internet at least several times a week to those who access it only once within a period of several months.
Broadband - fixed subscriptions: This entry gives the total number of fixed-broadband subscriptions, as well as the number of subscriptions per inhabitants.
Fixed broadband is a physical wired connection to the Internet e. National air transport system: This entry includes four subfields describing the air transport system of a given country in terms of both structure and performance.
The second subfield, inventory of registered aircraft operated by air carriers, lists the total number. Civil aircraft registration country code prefix: This entry provides the one- or two-character alphanumeric code indicating the nationality of civil aircraft.
Article 20 of the Convention on International Civil Aviation Chicago Convention , signed in , requires that all aircraft engaged in international air navigation bear appropriate nationality marks.
The aircraft registration number consists of two parts: This entry gives the total number of airports or airfields recognizable from the air.
The runway s may be paved concrete or asphalt surfaces or unpaved grass, earth, sand, or gravel surfaces and may include closed or abandoned installations.
Airports or airfields that are no longer recognizable overgrown, no facilities, etc. Note that not all airports have accommodations for refueling, maintenance, or air traffic control.
Airports - with paved runways: This entry gives the total number of airports with paved runways concrete or asphalt surfaces by length. For airports with more than one runway, only the longest runway is included according to the following five groups - 1 over 3, m over 10, ft , 2 2, to 3, m 8, to 10, ft , 3 1, to 2, m 5, to 8, ft , 4 to 1, m 3, to 5, ft , and 5 under m under 3, ft.
Only airports with usable runways are included in this listing. Airports - with unpaved runways: This entry gives the total number of airports with unpaved runways grass, dirt, sand, or gravel surfaces by length.
Only airports with usable runways are included in this listin. This entry gives the total number of heliports with hard-surface runways, helipads, or landing areas that support routine sustained helicopter operations exclusively and have support facilities including one or more of the following facilities: It includes former airports used exclusively for helicopter operations but excludes heliports limited to day operations and natural clearings that could support helicopter landings and takeoffs.
This entry gives the lengths and types of pipelines for transporting products like natural gas, crude oil, or petroleum products. This entry states the total route length of the railway network and of its component parts by gauge, which is the measure of the distance between the inner sides of the load-bearing rails.
The four typical types of gauges are: Other gauges are listed under note. Gauges vary by country and sometimes within countries.
The choice of gauge during initial construction was mainly in resp. This entry gives the total length of the road network and includes the length of the paved and unpaved portions.
This entry gives the total length of navigable rivers, canals, and other inland bodies of water. Sava River on northern border; open to shipping but use limited This entry lists major ports and terminals primarily on the basis of the amount of cargo tonnage shipped through the facilities on an annual basis.
In some instances, the number of containers handled or ship visits were also considered. This entry gives spending on defense programs for the most recent year available as a percent of gross domestic product GDP ; the GDP is calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.
For countries with no military forces, this figure can include expenditures on public security and police. This entry lists the service branches subordinate to defense ministries or the equivalent typically ground, naval, air, and marine forces.
Military service age and obligation: This entry gives the required ages for voluntary or conscript military service and the length of service obligation.
This entry includes a wide variety of situations that range from traditional bilateral boundary disputes to unilateral claims of one sort or another.
Information regarding disputes over international terrestrial and maritime boundaries has been reviewed by the US Department of State. References to other situations involving borders or frontiers may also be included, such as resource disputes, geopolitical questions, or irredentist issues; however, inclusion does not necessarily constitute.
Refugees and internally displaced persons: